Hemorrhoids look like tiny lump-like grapes found at the junction of the rectum and anus. They are cushions of tissue filled with swollen blood vessels. The blood vessels have swollen as a result of pressure from constipation, pregnancy, heavy lifting, diarrhea, long periods of sitting and standing, and among others. In other words, the intense pressure due to the contraction of muscles in the rectum and anus has forced the blood vessels to stretch and expand up to the limit. When the blood vessels are stretched, they don’t often return to normal form and thus causes hemorrhoids to form. The shape, size, and number of hemorrhoid varies from person to person.
There are two forms of hemorrhoids: internal and external hemorrhoids. Let us found out how these two forms of hemorrhoids look like.
Internal hemorrhoids are those that develop inside the rectum. They are usually not painful because of the lack of pain receptors in the area where they develop. Since they are not painful, most people are not aware that they have them. Sigmoidoscopy is a medical procedure that can check the presence of hemorrhoids in the rectum. Internal hemorrhoids can bleed once they are irritated – the usual symptom if this occur is bright red blood in the stool.
External hemorrhoids are those that found at the rim of the anus or the distal end of the anal canal. They can be seen protruding and hanging in the anus. They can be itchy and painful causing discomfort
to people who have them. If they are ruptured, stain of blood can be noticed at the stool, toilet water, and/or tissue paper.[ad#afterpost]